Out of Bounds
When hitting a ball whether from the tee or within the hole, if the ball comes to rest beyond the out of bounds line, usually marked by white stakes and will always be stated on the course score card. The golfer must hit their next shot from the same position that they hit their first, regardless of whether they can find their first ball or not, and they are penalized by 1 shot. If the player does not hit their second ball from the same spot as the first but instead drops their second ball at the point of entry into the out of bounds then they will be penalized 2 shots. Under R&A rules of golf this is normally not permissible but is only in place for this society.
If a player hits their ball and they think the ball may be lost then they must play their next shot from the same position as the first ball. Penalty is one shot. In the case that they find their first ball then they may continue as normal by playing their first ball with no penalty.
However if the first ball is not found and the player did not play a provisional ball then in normal rules the player must return to where they hit their first ball and play their next shot with a penalty of 1 shot. However to aid fair play the society ruling here is that the player may drop their second ball at point of entry into the hazard and play from here with a penalty of 2 shots. Again this is not an official R&A rule.
A general water hazard is an area of water normally marked by yellow stakes that runs across the hole being played. If a player hits their ball into a water hazard then they must take their next shot by dropping in line from point of entry into the water hazard of the first ball. They may return back along the hole as far as they as long as they are not nearer the pin. Penalty is 1 shot.
Lateral Water Hazards
A lateral water hazard is an area of water normally marked by red stakes on the golf course that runs along either side of the hole being played. If a player hits their shot into a lateral water hazard they must take their next shot by dropping a ball within 2 club lengths, and not near the pin, of point of entry of the first ball with the a penalty of 1 shot. Remember lateral water hazards are not out of bounds, unless this is clearly marked with white stakes and stated on the golf course score card.
If a players ball comes to rest in an area of water that is not clearly marked by either red or yellow stakes then this is deemed to be casual water (normally only exists if there has been a lot of recent rain). In this instance the player may take his ball and have a free drop outside of the wet area but not nearer the hole.
Ground Under Repair (G.U.R.)
When a players ball comes to rest inside a clearly marked G.U.R. Area the player must then remove their ball from this area and take a free drop outside the marked G.U.R. area and not nearer the hole.
Bunker / Hazard Shots
When a ball comes to lie in a bunker or is inside a hazard line but still playable. The player may play this ball but the golf club being used to play the shot, cannot come to rest of the ground inside the hazard. e.g. in a bunker the club cannot touch the sand prior to making a shot.
Fresh Air Shots
If a player is clearly attempting to hit a ball but completely misses it. This is deemed a one shot and the player when next addressing the ball is taking their next shot. These shots must be counted.
Dropping and Re-Dropping
When a player is making a drop either free or from penalty, the player must stand erect and holding their arm completely straight at shoulders length and then drop the ball. If the ball after dropping comes to rest inside the hazard original dropping from, the the player may drop again. If the second drop comes to rest inside the hazard then the player may place the in the area that they are dropping into.
Number Of Clubs
A player must have at all times not more than 14 clubs in their bag. If they do have more than 14 clubs in their bag they will be penalized by 2 strokes per hole that they played with the illegal number of holes. In Stroke play the maximum is 4 strokes overall. In Stableford player scores 0 points for each hole played with illegal number of clubs. Match Play player loses each hole played with illegal number of clubs.
If a ball comes to rest on a green other than the green being played to then the player must lift this ball and drop off this green not nearer the pin prior to playing next shot. There is no penalty.
The person farthest from the pin is generally always the next person to take their shot
When walking across the green, always be wary of the line of the other players putt, and try and not walk on this line, if necessary walk all the way around.
Never traverse any green with your caddy car or trolley.
Always be wary of other golfers even those not in your group and try and not disturb then through noise etc. when they are about to take their shot.
General Rules Of Golf